Systematic Review: Interventions to Educate Children about Dog Safety and Prevent Pediatric Dog-Bite Injuries: A Meta-Analytic Review

Academic Article

Abstract

  • © The Author 2016. Objective Dog-bite injury posits a significant threat to children globally. This review evaluated efficacy of cognitive/behavioral interventions for improving children's knowledge and behaviors around dogs. Methods Manuscripts published before January 3, 2014 evaluating cognitive/behavioral interventions for dog-bite prevention among children <18 years of age were eligible for inclusion. Among 2,270 abstracts screened, 123 full texts were retrieved. Twelve studies were included in the qualitative synthesis; nine were included in the meta-analysis. Risk of bias and quality of evidence were evaluated. Results Cognitive/behavioral interventions had a moderate effect in improving children's knowledge and a larger effect in improving children's behavior with dogs. The most effective intervention strategies were video for knowledge and instruction with live dogs for behaviors. Quality of evidence was poor. Conclusions Cognitive/behavioral interventions have potential to improve both children's knowledge and behaviors around dogs. Future interventions should include multiple followups on dog-bite rates from an international perspective using rigorous randomized controlled trials.
  • Authors

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Shen J; Rouse J; Godbole M; Wells HL; Boppana S; Schwebel DC
  • Start Page

  • 779
  • End Page

  • 791
  • Volume

  • 42
  • Issue

  • 7