Participation of the chaperone Hsc70 in the trafficking and functional expression of ASIC2 in glioma cells.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • High-grade glioma cells express subunits of the ENaC/Deg superfamily, including members of ASIC subfamily. Our previous work has shown that glioma cells exhibit a basally active cation current, which is not present in low-grade tumor cells or normal astrocytes, and that can be blocked by amiloride. When ASIC2 is present within the channel complex in the plasma membrane, the channel is rendered non-functional because of inherent negative effectors that require ASIC2. We have previously shown that high-grade glioma cells functionally express this current because of the lack of ASIC2 in the plasma membrane. We now hypothesize that ASIC2 trafficking in glioma cells is regulated by a specific chaperone protein, namely Hsc70. Our results demonstrated that Hsc70 co-immunoprecipitates with ASIC2 and that it is overexpressed in glioma cells as compared with normal astrocytes. In contrast, there was no difference in the expression of calnexin, which also co-immunoprecipitates with ASIC2. In addition, glycerol and sodium 4-phenylbutyrate reduced the amount of Hsc70 expressed in glioma cells to levels found in normal astrocytes. Transfection of Hsc70 siRNA inhibited the constitutively activated amiloride-sensitive current, decreased migration, and increased ASIC2 surface expression in glioma cells. These results support an association between Hsc70 and ASIC2 that may underlie the increased retention of ASIC2 in the endoplasmic reticulum of glioma cells. The data also suggest that decreasing Hsc70 expression promotes reversion of a high-grade glioma cell to a more normal astrocytic phenotype.
  • Published In

    Keywords

  • Acid Sensing Ion Channels, Astrocytes, Calnexin, Cell Line, Tumor, Endoplasmic Reticulum, Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic, Glioma, HSC70 Heat-Shock Proteins, Humans, Membrane Proteins, Nerve Tissue Proteins, Protein Transport, RNA, Small Interfering, Sodium Channels, Transfection
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Vila-Carriles WH; Zhou Z-H; Bubien JK; Fuller CM; Benos DJ
  • Start Page

  • 34381
  • End Page

  • 34391
  • Volume

  • 282
  • Issue

  • 47