DNA methylation is an epigenetic modification that is essential for the development and mature function of the central nervous system. Due to the relevance of this modification to the transcriptional control of gene expression, it is often necessary to examine changes in DNA methylation patterns with both gene and single-nucleotide resolution. Here, we describe an in-depth basic protocol for direct bisulfite sequencing of DNA isolated from brain tissue, which will permit direct assessment of methylation status at individual genes as well as individual cytosine molecules/nucleotides within a genomic region. This method yields analysis of DNA methylation patterns that is robust, accurate, and reproducible, thereby allowing insights into the role of alterations in DNA methylation in brain tissue. © 2012 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.