The antimicrobial effect of the lactoperoxidase (LPO) system (enzyme with the thiocyanate ion and hydrogen peroxide) on Streptococcus mutans NCTC 10449 (serotype c) was significantly enhanced when the system was combined with secretory IgA. Similar enhancement was observed with LPO-myeloma IgA1 or IgA2 combinations. This enhancement of the antimicrobial efficiency was not dependent on the presence of specific antibodies to S. mutans in the IgA preparation, but seemed to require binding between LPO and immunoglobulin. However, neither human polyclonal nor myeloma IgG or IgM nor rabbit IgG enhanced the antibacterial activity of the LPO system. None of the immunoglobulins, when added alone, produced antimicrobial effects. LPO was shown to bind to colostral secretory IgA, myeloma IgA1, IgA2, and to a lesser degree to monoclonal and polyclonal IgG and monoclonal IgM. This binding had a stabilizing effect on the enzyme activity. Our results suggest that IgA significantly enhances the antibacterial efficiency of one of the innate immune factors - the LPO system.