Local production of IgA- and IgM-rheumatoid factors in adult periodontal disease

Academic Article


  • The enzyme-linked immunospot assay was used to enumerate both the number and the frequency of spontaneous IgG, IgA, and IgM immunoglobulin-secreting cells and IgA- and IgM-rheumatoid factor (RF)-producing cells present in the gingivae and peripheral blood of adult periodontitis patients. Cells from 29 patients were incubated on plates coated with human IgG, Fc, or F(ab′)2 fragments and on plates coated with class-specific antihuman antibodies and secreted antibodies were subsequently visualized by means of an immunoenzymatic procedure. The data indicate that (1) IgA-RF- and IgM-RF-secreting cells are frequently present in the gingiva of adult periodontitis patients; (2) production of RF in gingivae of adult periodontitis patients occurs in the absence of demonstrable RF production by simultaneously obtained peripheral blood mononuclear cells, suggesting that local autoimmune reactions may occur in this disease; and (3) lack of correlation between IgA-RF and IgM-RF production in diseased gingiva suggests that the two RF isotypes are regulated independently of each other. © 1989 Plenum Publishing Corporation.
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    Author List

  • Hirsch HZ; Tarkowski A; Koopman WJ; Mestecky J
  • Start Page

  • 273
  • End Page

  • 278
  • Volume

  • 9
  • Issue

  • 4