ICAM-2 confers a non-metastatic phenotype in neuroblastoma cells by interaction with α-actinin

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Progressive metastatic disease is a major cause of mortality for patients diagnosed with multiple types of solid tumors. One of the long-term goals of our laboratory is to identify  molecular interactions that regulate metastasis, as a basis for developing agents that inhibit this process. Toward this goal, we recently demonstrated that intercellular adhesion molecule-2 (ICAM-2) converted neuroblastoma (NB) cells from a metastatic to a non-metastatic phenotype, a previously unknown function for ICAM-2. Interestingly, ICAM-2 suppressed metastatic but not tumorigenic potential in preclinical models, supporting a novel mechanism of regulating metastasis. We hypothesized that the effects of ICAM-2 on NB cell phenotype depend on the interaction of ICAM-2 with the cytoskeletal linker protein α-actinin. The goal of the study presented here was to evaluate the impact of α-actinin binding to ICAM-2 on the phenotype of NB tumor cells. We used in silico approaches to examine the likelihood that the cytoplasmic domain of ICAM-2 binds directly to α-actinin. We then expressed variants of ICAM-2 with mutated α-actinin-binding domains, and compared the impact of ICAM-2 and each variant on NB cell adhesion, migration, anchorage-independent growth, co-precipitation with α-actinin and production of localized and disseminated tumors in vivo. The in vitro and in vivo characteristics of cells expressing ICAM-2 variants with modified α-actinin-binding domains differed from cells expressing ICAM-2 wild type (WT) and also from cells that expressed no detectable ICAM-2. Like the WT protein, ICAM-2 variants inhibited cell adhesion, migration and colony growth in vitro. However, unlike the WT protein, ICAM-2 variants did not completely suppress development of disseminated NB tumors in vivo. The data suggest the presence of α-actinin-dependent and α-actinin-independent mechanisms, and indicate that the interaction of ICAM-2 with α-actinin is critical to conferring an ICAM-2-mediated non-metastatic phenotype in NB cells.
  • Published In

  • Oncogene  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Feduska JM; Aller SG; Garcia PL; Cramer SL; Council LN; van Waardenburg RCAM; Yoon KJ
  • Start Page

  • 1553
  • End Page

  • 1562
  • Volume

  • 34
  • Issue

  • 12