γδ T Cells Recognize a Microbial Encoded B Cell Antigen to Initiate a Rapid Antigen-Specific Interleukin-17 Response

Academic Article

Abstract

  • γδ T cells contribute uniquely to immune competence. Nevertheless, how they function remains an enigma. It is unclear what most γδ T cells recognize, what is required for them to mount an immune response, and how the γδ T cell response is integrated into host immune defense. Here, we report that a noted B cell antigen, the algae protein phycoerythrin (PE), is a murine and human γδ T cell antigen. Employing this specificity, we demonstrated that antigen recognition activated naive γδ T cells to make interleukin-17 and respond to cytokine signals that perpetuate the response. High frequencies of antigen-specific γδ T cells in naive animals and their ability to mount effector response without extensive clonal expansion allow γδ T cells to initiate a swift, substantial response. These results underscore the adaptability of lymphocyte antigen receptors and suggest an antigen-driven rapid response in protective immunity prior to the maturation of classical adaptive immunity. © 2012 Elsevier Inc.
  • Published In

  • Immunity  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Zeng X; Wei YL; Huang J; Newell EW; Yu H; Kidd BA; Kuhns MS; Waters RW; Davis MM; Weaver CT
  • Start Page

  • 524
  • End Page

  • 534
  • Volume

  • 37
  • Issue

  • 3