Changes in cyclin dependent kinase inhibitors p21 and p27 during the castration induced regression of the CWR22 model of prostatic adenocarcinoma.

Academic Article


  • PURPOSE: The expression of the cyclin dependent kinase inhibitors p21 and p27 was examined in prostatic adenocarcinomas following castration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Male nude mice inoculated with the androgen dependent human prostatic tumor CWR22 were castrated when the tumors reached a volume of 0.8 to 1.1 cm.3 and were sacrificed at 3, 7, 21, 28 and 42 days post-castration. An additional group of mice received a subcutaneous testosterone pellet at 21 days post-castration and was sacrificed at 28 days post-castration. The expression of the Ki-67 antigen, p21 and p27 was examined by immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: The mitotic rate as well as the number of Ki-67 antigen positive cells decreased to 3% of intact control values by 7 days post-castration and were less than 0.01% of intact control values at 21, 28 and 42 days post-castration. The percentage of p21 expressing cells decreased from 15+/-2% in intact controls to less than 1% by 42 days post-castration. In contrast, the percentage of cells that expressed p27 increased from 25+/-3% in intact controls to 51+/-8% at 3 days post-castration and to 80 to 95% at days 7, 21, 28 and 42 days post-castration. Testosterone treatment from 21 to 28 days post-castration resulted in an increase in Ki-67 antigen positive cells to 200% of intact controls and a concomitant reduction in p27 expressing cells to about 50% of intact controls. Castration-induced changes in p27 expression were not observed in the CWR22R tumor, a transplantable relapsed derivative of the CWR22 tumor. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that p27 expression is regulated negatively by androgens and that increased expression of p27 in CWR22 xenografts may be involved in the suppression of proliferation following castration.
  • Published In


  • Adenocarcinoma, Animals, Castration, Cell Cycle Proteins, Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p21, Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p27, Cyclins, Enzyme Inhibitors, Humans, Male, Mice, Mice, Nude, Microtubule-Associated Proteins, Neoplasm Transplantation, Prostatic Neoplasms, Proteins, Tumor Suppressor Proteins
  • Author List

  • Myers RB; Oelschlager DK; Coan PN; Frost AR; Weiss HL; Manne U; Pretlow TG; Grizzle WE
  • Start Page

  • 945
  • End Page

  • 949
  • Volume

  • 161
  • Issue

  • 3