Origins of the distortions in the base pair step adjacent to platinum anticancer drug-DNA adducts. Fundamental NMR solution studies utilizing right-handed cross-link models having 5′- and 3′-flanking residues

Academic Article


  • For DNA duplexes, the Lippard laboratory has shown that the XG* base pair (bp) step has a very unusual slide and shift, where G* is a G platinated at N7 by di- or monofunctional platinum anticancer drugs. One approach toward understanding the cause of this important unexpected XG* distortion is to examine single-strand (ss) oligonucleotide (oligo) models. Both duplex and ss XG*G* models of the key G*G* cross-link formed by cisplatin have the HH1 conformation with head-to-head bases. Cross-links have R canting (3′-G* H8 atom toward 5′-G*) in duplexes and L canting (5′-G* H8 atom toward 3′-G*) in ss models. However, dynamic motion in solution makes the ss features difficult to define. Thus, we employ less dynamic cross-link models such as (R,S,S,R)-BipPt(d(TG*G*)) and (R,S,S,R)-BipPt(d(pG* G*TTT)), the first examples of an HH1 conformer with R canting for ss oligos longer than d(GpG) (Bip = 2,2′-bipiperidine). In these, the 5′-T residue decreases R canting (indicating steric clashes with the 5′-G*) and the less bulky 5′-phosphate group forms a H-bond to HN-Pt (indicating that R canting allows H-bonding). We conclude that the 5′-X residue in duplex adducts changes its position from that in B form DNA to avoid steric clashes with the 5′-G* and the carrier ligand and secondarily to form a Watson-Crick base pair. These features, possibly aided by weak carrier-ligand H-bonding, lead to the relatively unusual features distinctive to the "Lippard bp step". © 2009 American Chemical Society.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Saad JS; Natile G; Marzilli LG
  • Start Page

  • 12314
  • End Page

  • 12324
  • Volume

  • 131
  • Issue

  • 34