Roles of p15Ink4b and p16Ink4a in myeloid differentiation and RUNX1-ETO-associated acute myeloid leukemia.

Academic Article


  • Inactivation of p15(Ink4b) expression by promoter hypermethylation occurs in up to 80% of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cases and is particularly common in the FAB-M2 subtype of AML, which is characterized by the presence of the RUNX1-ETO translocation in 40% of cases. To establish whether the loss of p15(Ink4b) contributes to AML progression in association with RUNX1-ETO, we have expressed the RUNX1-ETO fusion protein from a retroviral vector in hematopoietic progenitor cells isolated from wild-type, p15(Ink4b) or p16(Ink4a) knockout bone marrow. Analysis of lethally irradiated recipient mice reconstituted with RUNX1-ETO-expressing cells showed that neither p15(Ink4b) or p16(Ink4a) loss significantly accelerated disease progression over the time period of one year post-transplantation. Loss of p15(Ink4b) alone resulted in increased myeloid progenitor cell frequencies in bone marrow by 10-month post-transplant and a 19-fold increase in the frequency of Lin(-)c-Kit(+)Sca-1(+) (LKS) cells that was not associated with expansion of long-term reconstituting HSC. These results strongly suggest that p15(Ink4b) loss must be accompanied by additional oncogenic changes for RUNX1-ETO-associated AML to develop.
  • Published In

  • Leukemia Research  Journal
  • Keywords

  • Animals, Base Sequence, Cell Differentiation, Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit, Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p15, Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16, DNA Primers, Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute, Mice, Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 16220643
  • Author List

  • Ko RM; Kim H-G; Wolff L; Klug CA
  • Start Page

  • 1101
  • End Page

  • 1111
  • Volume

  • 32
  • Issue

  • 7