Do social support, stigma, and social problem-solving skills predict depressive symptoms in people living with HIV? A mediation analysis.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Social support, stigma, and social problem solving may be mediators of the relationship between sign and symptom severity and depressive symptoms in people living with HIV (PLWH). However, no published studies have examined these individual variables as mediators in PLWH. This cross-sectional, correlational study of 150 PLWH examined whether social support, stigma, and social problem solving were mediators of the relationship between HIV-related sign and symptom severity and depressive symptoms. Participants completed self-report questionnaires during their visits at two HIV outpatient clinics in the Southeastern United States. Using multiple regression analyses as a part of mediation testing, social support, stigma, and social problem solving were found to be partial mediators of the relationship between sign and symptom severity and depressive symptoms, considered individually and as a set.
  • Keywords

  • Adult, Aged, Depression, Female, HIV Infections, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Negotiating, Problem Solving, Self Efficacy, Social Behavior, Social Support, Stereotyping
  • Author List

  • White W; Grant JS; Pryor ER; Keltner NL; Vance DE; Raper JL
  • Start Page

  • 182
  • End Page

  • 204
  • Volume

  • 26
  • Issue

  • 3