Cholesterol-Independent Suppression of Lymphocyte Activation, Autoimmunity, and Glomerulonephritis by Apolipoprotein A-I in Normocholesterolemic Lupus-Prone Mice.

Academic Article


  • Apolipoprotein (Apo)A-I, the major lipid-binding protein of high-density lipoprotein, can prevent autoimmunity and suppress inflammation in hypercholesterolemic mice by attenuating lymphocyte cholesterol accumulation and removing tissue-oxidized lipids. However, whether ApoA-I mediates immune-suppressive or anti-inflammatory effects under normocholesterolemic conditions and the mechanisms involved remain unresolved. We transferred bone marrow from systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)-prone Sle123 mice into normal, ApoA-I-knockout (ApoA-I(-/-)) and ApoA-I-transgenic (ApoA-I(tg)) mice. Increased ApoA-I in ApoA-I(tg) mice suppressed CD4(+) T and B cell activation without changing lymphocyte cholesterol levels or reducing major ApoA-I-binding oxidized fatty acids. Unexpectedly, oxidized fatty acid peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ ligands 13- and 9-hydroxyoctadecadienoic acid were increased in lymphocytes of autoimmune ApoA-I(tg) mice. ApoA-I reduced Th1 cells independently of changes in CD4(+)Foxp3(+) regulatory T cells or CD11c(+) dendritic cell activation and migration. Follicular helper T cells, germinal center B cells, and autoantibodies were also lower in ApoA-I(tg) mice. Transgenic ApoA-I also improved SLE-mediated glomerulonephritis. However, ApoA-I deficiency did not have the opposite effects on autoimmunity or glomerulonephritis, possibly as the result of compensatory increases in ApoE on high-density lipoprotein. We conclude that, although compensatory mechanisms prevent the proinflammatory effects of ApoA-I deficiency in normocholesterolemic mice, increasing ApoA-I can attenuate lymphocyte activation and autoimmunity in SLE independently of cholesterol transport, possibly through oxidized fatty acid peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ ligands, and it can reduce renal inflammation in glomerulonephritis.
  • Published In


  • Animals, Apolipoprotein A-I, Apolipoproteins E, Autoantibodies, Autoimmunity, B-Lymphocytes, Bone Marrow Transplantation, Cell Movement, Cholesterol, Dendritic Cells, Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry, Linoleic Acids, Lipoproteins, HDL, Lupus Nephritis, Lymphocyte Activation, Mice, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Mice, Knockout, PPAR gamma, T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory, Th1 Cells
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Black LL; Srivastava R; Schoeb TR; Moore RD; Barnes S; Kabarowski JH
  • Start Page

  • 4685
  • End Page

  • 4698
  • Volume

  • 195
  • Issue

  • 10