Systemic delivery of a breast cancer-detecting adenovirus using targeted microbubbles

Academic Article

Abstract

  • One of the major limitations of cancer gene therapy using recombinant human adenovirus (Ad) is rapid Ad inactivation from systemic delivery. To eliminate this, biotin-coated ultrasound contrast agents, or microbubbles (MBs), were streptavidin-coupled with biotinylated antibodies to three distinct tumor vasculature-associated receptors (α V Β 3 integrin, P-selectin and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2) for systemic targeting of a previously generated vector Ad5/3-Id1-SEAP-Id1-mCherry. This cancer-specific, dual-reporter vector was loaded in the targeted MBs and confirmed by confocal microscopy. MB loading capacity was estimated by functional assays as 4.720.2 plaque forming unit (PFU) per MB. Non-loaded (free) Ad particles were effectively inactivated by treatment with human complement. The Ad-loaded, targeted-MBs were injected systemically in mice bearing MDA-MB-231 tumors (Grp 1) and compared with two control groups: Ad-loaded, non-targeted MBs (Grp 2) and free Ad (Grp 3) administered under the same conditions. Two days after administration the blood levels of secreted embryonic alkaline phosphatase (SEAP) reporter in Grp 1 mice (16.1 ng ml-1 2.5) were significantly higher (P<0.05) than those in Grp 2 (9.75 ng ml-1 1.5) or Grp 3 (4.26 ng ml-1 2.5) animals. The targeted Ad delivery was also confirmed by fluorescence imaging. Thus, Ad delivery by targeted MBs holds potential as a safe and effective system for systemic Ad delivery for the purpose of cancer screening. © 2012 Nature America, Inc. All rights reserved.
  • Authors

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    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Warram JM; Sorace AG; Saini R; Borovjagin AV; Hoyt K; Zinn KR
  • Start Page

  • 545
  • End Page

  • 552
  • Volume

  • 19
  • Issue

  • 8