A novel pair of immunoglobulin-like receptors expressed by B cells and myeloid cells.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • An Fcalpha receptor probe of human origin was used to identify novel members of the Ig gene superfamily in mice. Paired Ig-like receptors, named PIR-A and PIR-B, are predicted from sequence analysis of the cDNAs isolated from a mouse splenic library. Both type I transmembrane proteins possess similar ectodomains with six Ig-like loops, but have different transmembrane and cytoplasmic regions. The predicted PIR-A protein has a short cytoplasmic tail and a charged Arg residue in the transmembrane region that, by analogy with the FcalphaR relative, suggests the potential for association with an additional transmembrane protein to form a signal transducing unit. In contrast, the PIR-B protein has an uncharged transmembrane region and a long cytoplasmic tail containing four potential immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motifs. These features are shared by the related killer inhibitory receptors. PIR-A proteins appear to be highly variable, in that predicted peptide sequences differ for seven randomly selected PIR-A clones, whereas PIR-B cDNA clones are invariant. Southern blot analysis with PIR-B and PIR-A-specific probes suggests only one PIR-B gene and multiple PIR-A genes. The PIR-A and PIR-B genes are expressed in B lymphocytes and myeloid lineage cells, wherein both are expressed simultaneously. The characteristics of the highly-conserved PIR-A and PIR-B genes and their coordinate cellular expression suggest a potential regulatory role in humoral, inflammatory, and allergic responses.
  • Authors

    Keywords

  • Amino Acid Sequence, Animals, B-Lymphocytes, Chromosome Mapping, Chromosomes, Human, Pair 19, DNA, DNA, Complementary, Gene Expression, Gene Library, Genetic Markers, Genetic Variation, Hematopoietic Stem Cells, Humans, Mice, Mice, Inbred BALB C, Molecular Sequence Data, Multigene Family, Organ Specificity, Polymerase Chain Reaction, Receptors, Immunologic, Sequence Homology, Amino Acid, Spleen
  • Authorlist

  • Kubagawa H; Burrows PD; Cooper MD
  • Start Page

  • 5261
  • End Page

  • 5266
  • Volume

  • 94
  • Issue

  • 10