Induction of germ-line anti-alpha 1-3 dextran antibody responses in mice by members of the Enterobacteriaceae family.

Academic Article


  • A large panel of enteric organisms was screened for agglutination with a panel of lambda monoclonal antibodies of different heavy chain isotypes specific for alpha 1-3 dextran (DEX). Two strains were initially isolated that were bound by most of the anti-DEX antibodies. One organism, Enterobacter cloacae strain MK7, which was characterized in detail, induced a typical lambda anti-DEX response in Igh-Ca mice that had a fine idiotope profile comparable with that induced by purified B1355S dextran containing alpha 1-3 glucosidic linkages (alpha 1-3-DEX). The determinant on the bacterial surface was shown by binding inhibition with nigerotriose to contain alpha 1-3 linkages. Hyperimmunization with these organisms of normal, athymic (nu/nu), or germ-free mice induced large amounts of IgM antibodies but very little IgG. This is the first description of an organism isolated from the normal gut flora of mice that can be shown directly to be bound by alpha 1-3-DEX antibodies and to induce the typical germ-line response of the DEX family of antibodies.
  • Published In


  • Agglutination Tests, Animals, Antibodies, Bacterial, Antibody Diversity, Antigen-Antibody Reactions, Antigens, Bacterial, Dextrans, Enterobacter, Enterobacteriaceae, Germ-Free Life, Immunization, Immunoglobulin G, Immunoglobulin kappa-Chains, Immunoglobulin lambda-Chains, Mice, Mice, Inbred BALB C, Mice, Nude, Serratia
  • Pubmed Id

  • 9651251
  • Author List

  • Kearney JF; McCarthy MT; Stohrer R; Benjamin WH; Briles DE
  • Start Page

  • 3468
  • End Page

  • 3472
  • Volume

  • 135
  • Issue

  • 5