Predicting depressive symptoms and self-care in patients with heart failure.

Academic Article


  • OBJECTIVE: To examine relationships among heart failure (HF) physical symptoms, social support, social problem-solving, depressive symptoms, and self-care behaviors in outpatients with HF. METHODS: Cross-sectional data were collected from 201 outpatients. Structural equation modeling was used in this preliminary analysis to examine the relationships among the study variables. RESULTS: HF physical symptoms and social support were predictors of depressive symptoms and self-care behaviors. Social problem-solving also predicted self-care behaviors. Social support mediated the relationship between HF physical symptoms and depressive symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: Social support may influence depressive symptoms and self-care behaviors, whereas social problem-solving may impact self-care behaviors. Future research should examine causality and sub-components of social problem-solving on these outcome variables.
  • Published In

  • Health values  Journal
  • Keywords

  • Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Cross-Sectional Studies, Depression, Female, Heart Failure, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Outpatients, Problem Solving, Self Care, Social Support
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 23401356
  • Author List

  • Graven LJ; Grant JS; Vance DE; Pryor ER; Grubbs L; Karioth S
  • Start Page

  • 77
  • End Page

  • 87
  • Volume

  • 39
  • Issue

  • 1