© AlphaMed Press 2016. Introduction. The log odds of positive lymph nodes (LODDS) is an empiric transform formula that incorporates positive and negative lymph node data into a single ratio for prognostic utility.We sought to determine the value of the log odds ratio as a prognostic indicator compared with established lymph node indices in advanced-stage rectal cancer patients who have undergone curative resection. Methods. Retrospective analysis of rectal cancer operations from 1995 to 2013 identified all stage III cancer patients who underwent curative resection. Patients were stratified into three groups according to calculated lymph node ratios (LNRs) and log odds ratios (LODDS). The relationship between LNR, LODDS, and 5-year overall survival (OS) were assessed. Results. OS for all patients was 81.4%. Both LNR and LODDS stratifications identified differences in 5-year OS. LODDS stratification was significantly associated with OS (p =.04). Additional significant clinicopathologic demographic variables included sex (p =.02), venous invasion (p =.02), tumor location (p<.001),andreceipt of adjuvantchemotherapy(p =.047).LODDSseparated survivalamongpatients in the lowLNR group (LNR1). Conclusion. This study confirms that themeasure of lymph node involvement transformed by the log odds ratio is a suitable predictorof5-yearoverall survival in stage III rectal cancer. LODDS maybeapplied to stratifyhigh-riskpatients inthemanagement of adjuvant therapy.