Gestational diabetes mellitus and gene mutations which affect insulin secretion

Academic Article

Abstract

  • We investigated whether genetic mutations known to impair insulin secretion and glucose tolerance are operative in a group of American women with gestational diabetes mellitus. Study groups were comprised of elderly non-diabetic controls (n = 55) with normal glucose tolerance and patients with gestational diabetes (n = 50), together with one family with maturity- onset diabetes of the young (three controls and three affected). No mutations were detected in any exon of the human glucokinase gene or the mitochondrial tRNA(Leu(UUR)) gene by single strand conformational analysis and direct exon sequencing. Also, X2 analysis showed no significant association with gestational diabetes for a polymorphism at position - 30 (G → A) of the α- cell-specific glucokinase gene promoter. We have determined that glucokinase and mitochondrial tRNA(Leu(UUR)) gene mutations, which are known to impair insulin secretion are relatively uncommon and do not constitute a large component of genetic risk for gestational diabetes in the study population.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Allan CJ; Argyropoulos G; Bowker M; Zhu J; Lin PM; Stiver K; Golichowski A; Garvey WT
  • Start Page

  • 135
  • End Page

  • 141
  • Volume

  • 36
  • Issue

  • 3