Porcine small intestine submucosal grafts for post-tumor resection orbital reconstruction

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Objectives/Hypothesis Removal of the medial orbital wall for sinonasal tumor involvement is required to obtain complete oncologic resection. However, orbital fat herniation can produce significant morbidity, including enophthalmos and diplopia. The purpose of the current study was to evaluate outcomes following use of porcine small intestine submucosa (SIS) grafts for orbital reconstruction following extirpation of sinonasal malignancies. Study Design Case series in a tertiary hospital setting. Methods Review of prospectively collected data regarding orbital reconstruction using SIS was performed. Demographics, tumor histology, size of orbital defect, adjuvant treatment, clinical status, and complications were recorded. Results Seventeen patients (average age, 58 years; range, 27-82 years) had SIS grafting of the medial orbital wall over a 5-year period at our tertiary academic institution. The average orbital wall defect size was 4.6 cm2 (range, 1 cm 2-24 cm2). Tumor histopathology included esthesioneuroblastoma (n-=-5), squamous cell carcinoma (n-=-4), adenocarcinoma (n-=-2), sinonasal undifferentiated carcinoma (n-=-2), melanoma (n-=-3), and neuroendocrine carcinoma (n-=-1). Surgical goals were curative intent in all patients. Ten patients had postoperative radiation therapy, whereas five individuals had surgical extirpation following neoadjuvant chemotherapy and radiation. All patients had complete locoregional control at last clinical follow-up (average, 16 months; range, 2-54 months), although three patients developed distant metastases. The only orbital complications noted were enophthalmos (n-=-1), periorbital cellulitis (n-=-1), and orbital wall crusting (n-=-1). Conclusions SIS reconstruction of orbital wall defects was effective in the current series of patients, with only one patient developing noticeable enophthalmos and a low incidence of surgical complications. Level of Evidence 4. Laryngoscope, 124:E219-E223, 2014 © 2013 The American Laryngological, Rhinological and Otological Society, Inc.
  • Published In

  • Laryngoscope  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Phillips J; Riley KO; Woodworth BA
  • Volume

  • 124
  • Issue

  • 6