We have previously determined that tricarbonyldichlororuthenium (II) dimer (CORM-2) increases plasma clot velocity of formation and strength by enhancing thrombin-fibrinogen interactions as determined by thrombelastography. The purpose of the present investigation was to further define the nature of CORM-2 interaction with prothrombin and fibrinogen by exposing purified proteins to CORM-2 or generating protein concentration-response curves in the absence or presence of CORM-2. Purified prothrombin was exposed to 0 or 100 μmol/l CORM-2 prior to being added to prothrombin-deficient plasma (n = 7-8 per condition). Fibrinogen-deficient plasma had fibrinogen added for a final concentration of 100-800 mg/dl and was exposed to 0 or 100 μmol/l CORM-2 (n = 4 per condition). Following tissue factor activation, thrombelastographic data were collected until clot strength stabilized. Exposure of prothrombin to CORM-2 did not significantly enhance coagulation kinetics. In sharp contrast, CORM-2 exposure enhanced fibrinogen coagulation kinetics in a concentration-dependent fashion, with peak effect seen at a fibrinogen concentration of 300 mg/dl that then progressively decreased throughout the range tested. Our data demonstrate that CORM-2 does not enhance plasma coagulation kinetics by modifying prothrombin; instead, the concept that CORM-2 modifies fibrinogen is the most likely explanation for the enhanced thrombin-fibrinogen interactions observed. © 2010 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.