Proteome Dynamics of the Specialist Oxalate Degrader Oxalobacter formigenes.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Oxalobacter formigenes is a unique intestinal organism that relies on oxalate degradation to meet most of its energy and carbon needs. A lack of colonization is a risk factor for calcium oxalate kidney stone disease. The release of the genome sequence of O. formigenes has provided an opportunity to increase our understanding of the biology of O. formigenes. This study used mass spectrometry based shotgun proteomics to examine changes in protein levels associated with the transition of growth from log to stationary phase. Of the 1867 unique protein coding genes in the genome of O. formigenes strain OxCC13, 1822 proteins were detected, which is at the lower end of the range of 1500-7500 proteins found in free-living bacteria. From the protein datasets presented here it is clear that O. formigenes contains a repertoire of metabolic pathways expected of an intestinal microbe that permit it to survive and adapt to new environments. Although further experimental testing is needed to confirm the physiological and regulatory processes that mediate adaptation with nutrient shifts, the O. formigenes protein datasets presented here can be used as a reference for studying proteome dynamics under different conditions and have significant potential for hypothesis development.
  • Authors

    Keywords

  • Calcium oxalate stone disease, Oxalobacter formigenes, Proteome dynamics
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 17891355
  • Author List

  • Ellis ME; Mobley JA; Holmes RP; Knight J
  • Start Page

  • 19
  • End Page

  • 24
  • Volume

  • 9
  • Issue

  • 1