Antitumor efficacy of TRA-8 anti-DR5 monoclonal antibody alone or in combination with chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy in a human breast cancer model.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • PURPOSE: A monoclonal antibody (TRA-8) has been developed that binds to death receptor 5 (DR5), one of two death receptors bound by tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand. The purpose of this study was to evaluate in vitro the binding and cytotoxicity of TRA-8 to human breast cancer cell lines. The antitumor efficacy of TRA-8 was evaluated in a xenograft human breast cancer murine model, as a single agent and in combination with chemotherapy or radiation therapy. Anti: The binding of TRA-8 to a panel of nine human breast cancer cell lines was evaluated by indirect immunofluorescence and flow cytometry. Cytotoxicity of TRA-8 alone and in the presence of Adriamycin or paclitaxel was measured in vitro using the ATP-lite assay. Antitumor efficacy was determined by treatment of nude mice bearing well-established s.c. DR5-positive 2LMP human breast cancer xenografts with TRA-8 alone or in combination with Adriamycin or paclitaxel. Tumor size and regression rates were determined. In addition, a study was carried out with TRA-8 and Adriamycin in combination with 3 Gy (60)Co irradiation of 2LMP xenografts on days 9 and 17. RESULTS: All nine human breast cancer cell lines expressed DR5 with TRA-8 reactivity varying from strongly to weakly positive. Four cell lines were sensitive to TRA-8 cytotoxicity with IC(50) of 17-299 ng/ml, whereas other cell lines had weak cytotoxicity or were resistant. In vivo studies demonstrated significant inhibition of growth of 2LMP xenografts by TRA-8 treatment alone. The combination of TRA-8 + Adriamycin or paclitaxel produced significant inhibition of tumor growth as compared with controls or either agent alone. An aggregate analysis of all 166 animals studied demonstrated that TRA-8 alone or in combination with Adriamycin, paclitaxel, or radiation produced a significant increase in tumor doubling time compared with any modality alone with mean doubling time in days of 12 (untreated), 14 (radiation), 17 (Adriamycin), 25 (paclitaxel), 39 (Adriamycin + radiation), 47 (TRA-8), 65 (TRA-8 + radiation), 71 (TRA-8 + paclitaxel), 81 (TRA-8 + Adriamycin), and >140 (TRA-8 + Adriamycin and radiation). Complete tumor regressions occurred in 1 of 42 untreated animals, 1 of 54 animals receiving chemotherapy and/or radiation, and 28 of 68 animals receiving TRA-8 alone or TRA-8 combination regimens. Fourteen of those 28 complete regressions did not relapse over periods of follow-up between 99 and 171 days, with a mean of 146 +/- 24 days. CONCLUSIONS: The TRA-8 anti-DR5 antibody alone or in combination with chemotherapy and/or radiation has striking antitumor efficacy in breast cancer xenograft models. Additional studies with other tumor types and chemotherapy agents are warranted. These studies support the generation of a humanized TRA-8 for introduction into early clinical trials.
  • Published In

    Keywords

  • Animals, Antibodies, Monoclonal, Antineoplastic Agents, Apoptosis, Breast Neoplasms, Cell Death, Cell Line, Tumor, Cell Survival, Combined Modality Therapy, Dose-Response Relationship, Drug, Drug Therapy, Female, Flow Cytometry, Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Indirect, Humans, Immunotherapy, Inhibitory Concentration 50, Mice, Mice, Nude, Neoplasm Transplantation, Protein Binding, Radiotherapy, Receptors, TNF-Related Apoptosis-Inducing Ligand, Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor, Time Factors
  • Pubmed Id

  • 8556983
  • Author List

  • Buchsbaum DJ; Zhou T; Grizzle WE; Oliver PG; Hammond CJ; Zhang S; Carpenter M; LoBuglio AF
  • Start Page

  • 3731
  • End Page

  • 3741
  • Volume

  • 9
  • Issue

  • 10 Pt 1