Large-scale meta-analysis of genome-wide association data identifies six new risk loci for Parkinson's disease

Academic Article

Abstract

  • © 2014 Nature America, Inc. All rights reserved. We conducted a meta-analysis of Parkinson's disease genome-wide association studies using a common set of 7,893,274 variants across 13,708 cases and 95,282 controls. Twenty-six loci were identified as having genome-wide significant association; these and 6 additional previously reported loci were then tested in an independent set of 5,353 cases and 5,551 controls. Of the 32 tested SNPs, 24 replicated, including 6 newly identified loci. Conditional analyses within loci showed that four loci, including GBA, GAK-DGKQ, SNCA and the HLA region, contain a secondary independent risk variant. In total, we identified and replicated 28 independent risk variants for Parkinson's disease across 24 loci. Although the effect of each individual locus was small, risk profile analysis showed substantial cumulative risk in a comparison of the highest and lowest quintiles of genetic risk (odds ratio (OR) = 3.31, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 2.55-4.30; P = 2 × 10-16). We also show six risk loci associated with proximal gene expression or DNA methylation.
  • Published In

  • Nature Genetics  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Nalls MA; Pankratz N; Lill CM; Do CB; Hernandez DG; Saad M; Destefano AL; Kara E; Bras J; Sharma M
  • Start Page

  • 989
  • End Page

  • 993
  • Volume

  • 46
  • Issue

  • 9