Background In order to understand how robotic surgery impacts gynecologic oncology fellowship training and surgical practices, a survey of fellows and fellowship directors was conducted. Methods Questionnaires designed to determine the prevalence, application, and acceptance of robotics were sent to fellows and fellowship directors in approved U.S. programs. Results Of the respondents, 95% have a robot at their institution and 95% utilize it. Most responding fellowship directors (70%) reported that fellow education is enhanced by robotic surgery. Most fellows (65%) who responded feel comfortable using the robot, and 94% plan on performing robotic surgery upon completion of fellowship training. Conclusions This survey demonstrates that robotic surgery is utilized in the majority of responding gynecologic oncology fellowship programs for a wide array of indications. Fellowship directors and fellows-in-training generally have a favorable view of this evolving technology. Based on these responses, robotic surgery will play an increasingly important role in the future. Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.