OBJECTIVE: To compare the operative data and complications of radical hysterectomy performed on pregnant women versus nonpregnant women. STUDY DESIGN: Following institutional review board approval, we reviewed our surgical databases to identify pregnant women who had undergone a radical hysterectomy for cervical carcinoma from 1992-2005 (n = 7). A nonpregnant control group (n = 35) of women undergoing radical hysterectomy during the study interval were identified and matched for age, year of surgery, and surgeon. Pertinent operative and outcome data were abstracted and compared. RESULTS: Of the 7 women who had undergone a radical hysterectomy during pregnancy, 4 had a cesarean radical hysterectomy at a mean gestational age of 35.4 weeks (range, 32.3-38 weeks) and 3 had a radical hysterectomy with a previable fetus in situ at a mean gestational age of 14.2 weeks. Demographics were similar between groups. Transfusion rates were significantly higher among pregnant women (57%) as compared to nonpregnant controls (9%) (p = 0.0009). The overall incidence of operative complications was similar between the pregnant women (43%) and nonpregnant controls (40%) (p = NS). CONCLUSION: Radical hysterectomy performed in pregnant women was associated with higher blood loss and increased need for transfusion as compared to nonpregnant controls. No differences were observed in regards to other operative surgical complications between the two groups.