The use of self-generation procedures facilitates verbal memory in individuals with seizure disorders.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • The efficacy of a self-generation encoding procedure in facilitating the encoding and retrieval of verbal memories was compared with the didactic presentation of information in individuals with seizure disorders. Through a within-subject design, 87 patients (25 left temporal seizure onset, 29 right temporal, 8 frontal, and 25 psychogenic nonepileptic seizures) received a self-generation learning condition and a didactic learning condition and were subsequently tested for verbal paired associate free recall, cued recall, and recognition memory. All patient groups benefited from the use of the self-generation condition relative to the didactic condition. Better performance occurred with the self-generation procedure for cued recall and recognition memory test performance, but not free recall. Individuals with a left temporal seizure onset (patients with the poorest memory performance on the didactic condition) benefited the most from the self-generation condition. A memory encoding strategy that actively involves patient participation enhances memory performance.
  • Published In

    Keywords

  • Adult, Analysis of Variance, Epilepsy, Female, Functional Laterality, Generalization (Psychology), Humans, Male, Memory, Middle Aged, Neuropsychological Tests, Verbal Learning
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Schefft BK; Dulay MF; Fargo JD; Szaflarski JP; Yeh H-S; Privitera MD
  • Start Page

  • 162
  • End Page

  • 168
  • Volume

  • 13
  • Issue

  • 1