Induction of neuroplasticity and recovery in post-stroke aphasia by non-invasive brain stimulation.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Stroke victims tend to prioritize speaking, writing, and walking as the three most important rehabilitation goals. Of note is that two of these goals involve communication. This underscores the significance of developing successful approaches to aphasia treatment for the several hundred thousand new aphasia patients each year and over 1 million stroke survivors with chronic aphasia in the U.S. alone. After several years of growth as a research tool, non-invasive brain stimulation (NBS) is gradually entering the arena of clinical aphasiology. In this review, we first examine the current state of knowledge of post-stroke language recovery including the contributions from the dominant and non-dominant hemispheres. Next, we briefly discuss the methods and the physiologic basis of the use of inhibitory and excitatory repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) and transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) as research tools in patients who experience post-stroke aphasia. Finally, we provide a critical review of the most influential evidence behind the potential use of these two brain stimulation methods as clinical rehabilitative tools.
  • Published In

    Keywords

  • TMS, aphasia, fMRI, rTMS, rehabilitation, tDCS
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Shah PP; Szaflarski JP; Allendorfer J; Hamilton RH
  • Start Page

  • 888
  • Volume

  • 7