Levodopa-carbidopa intestinal gel in advanced Parkinson's disease open-label study: interim results.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Levodopa-carbidopa intestinal gel (LCIG) delivered continuously via percutaneous endoscopic gastrojejunostomy (PEG-J) tube has been reported, mainly in small open-label studies, to significantly alleviate motor complications in Parkinson's disease (PD). A prospective open-label, 54-week, international study of LCIG is ongoing in advanced PD patients experiencing motor fluctuations despite optimized pharmacologic therapy. Pre-planned interim analyses were conducted on all enrolled patients (n = 192) who had their PEG-J tube inserted at least 12 weeks before data cutoff (July 30, 2010). Outcomes include the 24-h patient diary of motor fluctuations, Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS), Clinical Global Impression-Improvement (CGI-I), Parkinson's Disease Questionnaire (PDQ-39), and safety evaluations. Patients (average PD duration 12.4 yrs) were taking at least one PD medication at baseline. The mean (±SD) exposure to LCIG was 256.7 (±126.0) days. Baseline mean "Off" time was 6.7 h/day. "Off" time was reduced by a mean of 3.9 (±3.2) h/day and "On" time without troublesome dyskinesia was increased by 4.6 (±3.5) h/day at Week 12 compared to baseline. For the 168 patients (87.5%) reporting any adverse event (AE), the most common were abdominal pain (30.7%), complication of device insertion (21.4%), and procedural pain (17.7%). Serious AEs occurred in 60 (31.3%) patients. Twenty-four (12.5%) patients discontinued, including 14 (7.3%) due to AEs. Four (2.1%) patients died (none deemed related to LCIG). Interim results from this advanced PD cohort demonstrate that LCIG produced meaningful clinical improvements. LCIG was generally well-tolerated; however, device and procedural complications, while generally of mild severity, were common.
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    Keywords

  • Aged, Antiparkinson Agents, Carbidopa, Drug Combinations, Female, Gels, Humans, Infusion Pumps, Jejunum, Levodopa, Male, Middle Aged, Parkinson Disease
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Fernandez HH; Vanagunas A; Odin P; Espay AJ; Hauser RA; Standaert DG; Chatamra K; Benesh J; Pritchett Y; Hass SL
  • Start Page

  • 339
  • End Page

  • 345
  • Volume

  • 19
  • Issue

  • 3