© 2014-IOS Press and the authors. Methods: 19 participants who had perinatal stroke (<1 month of age), 32 with later stroke, and 51 sex-/age-matched healthy controls (HCs) received fMRI of language using verb generation task (VGT).Results: Percent lesion volumes were not different between groups (perinatal vs. late stroke) when taking brain volume into account (p = 0.084). Perinatal stroke group showed bilateral signal increases compared to more left-lateralized signals in matched HCs; late stroke group and HCs both showed left-hemispheric signal increases. LIs in the stroke groups were consistently more bilateral than in HCs (all p < 0.008) except for the late group's posterior LI (p = 0.080). There was greater proportion of leftward language lateralization in HCs compared to their respective stroke groups (78.9% vs. 31.6% in perinatal; 87.5% vs. 59.4% in late stroke; p = 0.004) and a larger proportion of leftward lateralization in late compared to perinatal stroke (p = 0.039). The age of stroke occurrence showed significant positive associations with global and frontal LI (both p ≤ 0.007).Purpose: To determine how age at the time of left middle cerebral artery stroke affects language lateralization in a combined sample of subjects with perinatal, childhood, and adult stroke.Conclusion: As expected, the age of stroke occurrence affects subsequent verb generation lateralization. Greater cortical plasticity is observed in earlier stroke while later stroke is associated with reliance on the repair of the previously damaged left-hemispheric networks.