Health-related quality of life among self-reported arthritis sufferers: effects of race/ethnicity and residence.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • OBJECTIVE: We evaluated differences in health-related quality of life (HRQoL) for African Americans and Caucasians with self-reported arthritis residing in rural and urban areas of a southern state. METHODS: 1,191 individuals completed a telephone survey, which included the 12-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-12). Participants were stratified into groups: African American/rural, Caucasian/rural, African American/urban, and Caucasian/urban. We evaluated differences and associations in HRQoL for the four groups. RESULTS: Multivariable linear regression models revealed that being an African American rural resident was associated with worse self-reported mental health on the SF-12 even after adjusting for multiple confounding variables. In contrast, multivariable linear regression models revealed that being a Caucasian rural resident was associated with worse physical health SF-12 scores. CONCLUSIONS: The study revealed differences in HRQoL on the mental and physical health functioning scales of the SF-12 for African American rural and Caucasian rural residents. Researchers assessing HRQoL in arthritis patients should consider using a race/residence product term in their analyses.
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    Keywords

  • African Americans, Aged, Alabama, Arthritis, European Continental Ancestry Group, Female, Health Surveys, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Quality of Life, Self Disclosure, Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Kovac SH; Mikuls TR; Mudano A; Saag KG
  • Start Page

  • 451
  • End Page

  • 460
  • Volume

  • 15
  • Issue

  • 3