Limiting CDR-H3 diversity abrogates the antibody response to the bacterial polysaccharide α 1→3 dextran.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Anti-polysaccharide Ab responses in mice are often oligoclonal, and the mechanisms involved in Ag-specific clone production and selection remain poorly understood. We evaluated the relative contribution of D(H) germline content versus N nucleotide addition in a classic oligoclonal, T-independent Ab response (α 1→3 dextran [DEX]) by challenging adult TdT-sufficient (TdT(+/+)) and TdT-deficient (TdT(-/-)) gene-targeted mice, limited to the use of a single D(H) gene segment (D-limited mice), with Enterobacter cloacae. D-limited mice achieved anti-DEX-specific levels of Abs that were broadly comparable to those of wild-type (WT) BALB/c mice. Sequence analysis of the third CDR of the H chain intervals obtained by PCR amplification of V(H) domain DNA from DEX-specific plasmablasts revealed the near universal presence of an aspartic acid residue (D99) at the V-D junction, irrespective of the composition of the D(H) locus. Although WT mice were able to use germline D(H) (DQ52, DSP, or DST) gene segment sequence, TdT activity, or both to produce D99, all three D-limited mouse strains relied exclusively on N addition. Additionally, in the absence of TdT, D-limited mice failed to produce a DEX response. Coupled with previous studies demonstrating a reduced response to DEX in TdT(-/-) mice with a WT D(H) locus, we concluded that in the case of the anti-DEX repertoire, which uses a short third CDR of the H chain, the anti-DEX response relies more intensely on sequences created by postnatal N nucleotide addition than on the germline sequence of the D(H).
  • Published In

    Keywords

  • Amino Acid Substitution, Animals, Antibodies, Bacterial, Antibody Diversity, Base Sequence, Complementarity Determining Regions, Dextrans, Enterobacter cloacae, Gene Rearrangement, B-Lymphocyte, Immunoglobulin Heavy Chains, Mice, Mice, Inbred BALB C, Molecular Sequence Data, Polysaccharides, Bacterial
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 25982233
  • Author List

  • Mahmoud TI; Schroeder HW; Kearney JF
  • Start Page

  • 879
  • End Page

  • 886
  • Volume

  • 187
  • Issue

  • 2