erbB-2 is a cell surface transmembrane glycoprotein which, when overexpressed, has been shown to be relevant to intrinsic tumor cell chemoresistance. Thus, strategies to down-regulate cell surface erbB-2 have resulted in enhanced tumor cell chemosensitivity. We have recently reported a gene therapy strategy to down-modulate erbB-2 expression using a plasmid construct encoding an intracellular single chain antibody. Therefore, we now demonstrate enhanced chemosensitivity to cis-diamminedichloroplatinum in erbB-2 overexpressing tumor cells and a model system of stable clones using an intracellular single chain antibody. These findings are consistent with the hypothesis that erbB-2 plays a role in tumor cell chemoresistance. In addition, these findings represent a novel gene therapy approach to overcome erbB-2 mediated tumor cell chemoresistance.