FCRL6 distinguishes mature cytotoxic lymphocytes and is upregulated in patients with B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Fc receptor-like 6 (FCRL6), the most recently characterized member of the FCRL family, is a cell surface glycoprotein with tyrosine-based regulatory potential. An extensive survey of human hematopoietic tissues disclosed that FCRL6 expression by NK- and T-cell subpopulations increases as a function of differentiation and is remarkably restricted to mature lymphocytes with cytotoxic capability. In particular, FCRL6 distinguishes perforin-expressing CD56 NK cells, Vδ1 and Vδ2 γδ T cells, effector and effector memory CD8 T cells, and rare cytotoxic CD4 T cells in adult tissues. Analysis of this receptor in B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) was also performed. FCRL6 was found to mark significantly expanded populations of cytotoxic CD8 T, CD4 T, and NK cells in patients with CLL. Despite sequence homology with the known Fc receptors for IgG and IgE, FCRL6 did not bind Ig. Although FCRL6 can be tyrosine-phosphorylated, its antibody-mediated ligation was unable to influence cellular activation. Collectively, these results demonstrate that FCRL6 is a distinct indicator of cytotoxic effector lymphocytes that is upregulated in diseases characterized by chronic immune stimulation. © 2008 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim. dim + + + + + +
  • Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Schreeder DM; Pan J; Li FJ; Vivier E; Davis RS
  • Start Page

  • 3159
  • End Page

  • 3166
  • Volume

  • 38
  • Issue

  • 11