Elucidating the mechanism of regulation of transforming growth factor β Type II receptor expression in human lung cancer cell lines.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Lung carcinogenesis in humans involves an accumulation of genetic and epigenetic changes that lead to alterations in normal lung epithelium, to in situ carcinoma, and finally to invasive and metastatic cancers. The loss of transforming growth factor β (TGF-β)-induced tumor suppressor function in tumors plays a pivotal role in this process, and our previous studies have shown that resistance to TGF-β in lung cancers occurs mostly through the loss of TGF-β type II receptor expression (TβRII). However, little is known about the mechanism of down-regulation of TβRII and how histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors (HDIs) can restore TGF-β-induced tumor suppressor function. Here we show that HDIs restore TβRII expression and that DNA hypermethylation has no effect on TβRII promoter activity in lung cancer cell lines. TGF-β-induced tumor suppressor function is restored by HDIs in lung cancer cell lines that lack TβRII expression. Activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase/extracellular signal-regulated kinase pathway by either activated Ras or epidermal growth factor signaling is involved in the down-regulation of TβRII through histone deacetylation. We have immunoprecipitated the protein complexes by biotinylated oligonucleotides corresponding to the HDI-responsive element in the TβRII promoter (-127/-75) and identified the proteins/factors using proteomics studies. The transcriptional repressor Meis1/2 is involved in repressing the TβRII promoter activity, possibly through its recruitment by Sp1 and NF-YA to the promoter. These results suggest a mechanism for the downregulation of TβRII in lung cancer and that TGF-β tumor suppressor functions may be restored by HDIs in lung cancer patients with the loss of TβRII expression.
  • Keywords

  • Animals, Blotting, Western, Butadienes, CCAAT-Binding Factor, Cell Line, Tumor, Enzyme Inhibitors, Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic, Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors, Homeodomain Proteins, Humans, Hydroxamic Acids, Lung Neoplasms, MAP Kinase Signaling System, Mice, Mice, Inbred BALB C, Mice, Nude, Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases, Nitriles, Promoter Regions, Genetic, Protein Binding, Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases, Receptor, Transforming Growth Factor-beta Type II, Receptors, Transforming Growth Factor beta, Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction, Sp1 Transcription Factor, Transcription Factors, Transforming Growth Factor beta, Transplantation, Heterologous
  • Author List

  • Halder SK; Cho Y-J; Datta A; Anumanthan G; Ham A-JL; Carbone DP; Datta PK
  • Start Page

  • 912
  • End Page

  • 922
  • Volume

  • 13
  • Issue

  • 10