Resistance of a very low density lipoprotein subpopulation from familial dysbetalipoproteinemia to in vitro lipolytic conversion to the low density lipoprotein density fraction

Academic Article

Abstract

  • In vitro lipolysis of very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) from normolipidemic and familial dysbetalipoproteinemic plasma by purified bovine milk lipoprotein lipase was studied using the combined single vertical spin and vertical autoprofile method of lipoprotein analysis. Lipolysis of normolipidemic plasma supplemented with autologous VLDL resulted in the progressive transformation of VLDL to low density lipoprotein (LDL) via intermediate density lipoprotein (IDL) with the transfer of the excess cholesterol to high density lipoprotein (HDL). At the end of 60 min lipolysis, 92-96% of VLDL triglyceride was hydrolyzed, and, with this process, > 95% of the VLDL cholesterol and 125I-labeled VLDL protein was transferred from the VLDL to the LDL and HDL density region. When VLDL from the plasma of an individual with familial dysbetalipoproteinemia was substituted for VLDL from normolipidemic plasma, less than 50% of the VLDL cholesterol and 65% of 125I-labeled protein was removed from the VLDL density region, although 84-86% of VLDL triglyceride was lipolyzed. Analysis of familial dysbetalipoproteinemic VLDL fractions from pre- and post-lipolyzed plasma showed that the VLDL remaining in the postlipolyzed plasma (lipoprotein lipase-resistant VLDL) was richer in cholesteryl ester and tetramethylurea-insoluble proteins than that from prelipolysis plasma; the major apolipoproteins in the lipoprotein lipase-resistant VLDL were apoB and apoE. During lipolysis of normolipidemic VLDL containing trace amounts of 125I-labeled familial dysbetalipoproteinemic VLDL, removal of VLDL cholesterol was nearly complete from the VLDL density region, while removal of 125I-labeled protein was only partial. A competition study for lipoprotein lipase, comparing normolipidemic and familial dysbetalipoproteinemic VLDL to an artificial substrate ([3H]triolein), revealed that normolipidemic VLDL is clearly better than familial dysbetalipoproteinemic VLDL in competing for the release of 3H-labeled free fatty acids. The results of this study suggest that, in familial dysbetalipoproteinemic individuals, a subpopulation of VLDL rich in cholesteryl ester, apoB, and apoE is resistant to in vitro conversion by lipoprotein lipase to particles having LDL-like density. The presence of this lipoprotein lipase-resistant VLDL in familial dysbetalipoproteinemic subjects likely contributes to the increased level of cholesteryl ester-rich VLDL and IDL in the plasma of these subjects.
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    Author List

  • Chung BH; Segrest JP
  • Start Page

  • 1148
  • End Page

  • 1159
  • Volume

  • 24
  • Issue

  • 9