Apolipoprotein B-100: Conservation of lipid-associating amphipathic secondary structural motifs in nine species of vertebrates

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Development of a computer program called LOCATE allowed us to show that human apolipoprotein B-100 is composed of five domains, NH2-α1-β1-β2- α3-COOH, enriched, alternately, in amphipathic α helixes and amphipathic β strands. Using updated versions of this program, here we compare the complete sequence of human apolipoprotein B-100 with partial sequences from eight additional species of vertebrates (chicken, frog, hamster, monkey, mouse, pig, rat, and rabbit). The lipid-associating amphipathic α helixes cluster in domains α2 (between residues 2075 ± 25 and 2575 ± 25) and α3 (between residues 4100 ± 100 and 4550 ± 50) in all species for which those regions have been sequenced but with little conservation of individual helixes. Lipid-associating amphipathic β strands cluster in domains β1 (approximately residues 827-2000) and β2 (approximately residue 2571 to residue 4000 ± 50) in all species for which these regions have been sequenced, with conservation of several individual amphipathic β strands. Hydrophobic segments are present in apolipoprotein B-100 sequences of all nine species but the frequency of occurrence is no greater than generally found in β sheet-containing proteins. We conclude that four alternating lipid-associating domains, -β1-α2-β2-α3-COOH, are common supramolecular features of apolipoprotein B-100 in nine vertebrate species.
  • Authors

    Published In

    Author List

  • Segrest JP; Jones MK; Mishra VK; Pierotti V; Young SH; Borén J; Innerarity TL; Dashti N
  • Start Page

  • 85
  • End Page

  • 102
  • Volume

  • 39
  • Issue

  • 1