Structural basis for distinct functions of the naturally occurring cys mutants of human apolipoprotein A-I

Academic Article

Abstract

  • HDL removes cell cholesterol and protects against atherosclerosis. ApoA-I provides a flexible structural scaffold and an important functional ligand on the HDL surface. We propose structural models for apoA-IMilano (R173C) and apoA-IParis (R151C) mutants that show high cardioprotection despite low HDL levels. Previous studies established that two apoA-I molecules encircle HDL in an antiparallel, helical double-belt conformation. Recently, we solved the atomic structure of lipid-free Δ (185-243)apoA-I and proposed a conformational ensemble for apoA-IWT on HDL. Here we modify this ensemble to understand how intermolecular disulfides involving C173 or C151 influence protein conformation. The double-belt conformations are modified by belt rotation, main-chain unhinging around Gly, and Pro-induced helical bending, and they are verified by comparison with previous experimental studies and by molecular dynamics simulations of apoA-IMilano homodimer. In our models, the molecular termini repack on various-sized HDL, while packing around helix-5 in apoA-IWT, helix-6 in apoA-IParis, or helix-7 in apoA-IMilano homodimer is largely conserved. We propose how the disulfide-induced constraints alter the protein conformation and facilitate dissociation of the C-terminal segment from HDL to recruit additional lipid. Our models unify previous studies of apoA-IMilano and demonstrate how the mutational effects propagate to the molecular termini, altering their conformations, dynamics, and function. Copyright © 2013 by the American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.
  • Authors

    Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Gursky O; Jones MK; Mei X; Segrest JP; Atkinson D
  • Start Page

  • 3244
  • End Page

  • 3257
  • Volume

  • 54
  • Issue

  • 12