Urinary incontinence in the elderly is a significant health problem fraught with isolation, depression, and an increased risk of institutionalization and medical complications. Stress urinary incontinence (SUI), the complaint of involuntary loss of urine during effort or exertion or during sneezing or coughing, is the most common type of urinary incontinence. SUI can seriously degrade the quality of life for many active seniors, and has become an economic challenge for society. With the rapid increase in the active elderly worldwide, SUI is becoming a significant global problem. However, since only a fraction of women with SUI have consulted a physician, the clinical extent and public health impact of SUI are probably underestimated. The mounting social, medical, and economic problem of SUI in active elderly women as a rapidly growing segment of the population worldwide is reviewed. We evaluate the age-related changes of the lower urinary tract, examine risk factors, and suggest different treatment options shown to be effective in reducing SUI in this population.