Pathogenesis of atherosclerosis.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Two recent developments provide strong support for the role of plasma lipoproteins in plaque formation: plaque stabilization due to rapid removal of cholesterol from macrophage-foam cells has been suggested to explain the rapid cessation of clinical coronary artery disease events after aggressive lipoprotein-modifying therapy; and transgenic mice studies using overexpression and gene knockout of apolipoproteins A-I and E suggest that remnant lipoprotein particles are atherogenic and that apolipoprotein A-I (high-density lipoprotein) can clearly inhibit atherosclerosis development. Two of the more exciting areas of vascular-wall biology at this time are the possibility that endothelial dysfunction may be assessed by measurement of circulating factors (such as atherosclerosis-associated endothelial leukocyte adhesion molecule), and studies of the role of fibrin-like peptides in atherogenesis and coronary artery disease risk assessment.
  • Published In

    Keywords

  • Arteries, Arteriosclerosis, Coronary Artery Disease, Coronary Vessels, Endothelium, Vascular, Humans, Lipoproteins, Macrophages, Muscle, Smooth, Vascular
  • Author List

  • Segrest JP; Anantharamaiah GM
  • Start Page

  • 404
  • End Page

  • 410
  • Volume

  • 9
  • Issue

  • 4