Localization of a domain in apolipoprotein E with both cytostatic and cytotoxic activity.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Apoliprotein E (apoE) is a potent suppressor of interleukin 2- (IL2-) dependent T lymphocyte proliferation. In this study, we have used a range of monomeric and dimeric peptides encompassing amino acids 130-169 in human apoE to locate a region with both cytostatic and cytotoxic effects on IL2-dependent T lymphocytes. Monomeric peptides representing residues 130-149 or 130-155 inhibited the proliferation of the cells without causing loss of cell viability. However, cytostasis by a peptide representing the extended 130-169 domain or dimeric peptides of amino acids 141-155 or 141-149 was accompanied by potent cytotoxic activity. These results suggest that residues 141-149, which include the overlap between the functional peptides, are responsible for cytostasis and cytotoxicity. Complete ablation of both activities by the polyanionic agent heparin highlighted the important contribution of the positively charged amino acids in the 141-149 region to peptide bioactivity. Furthermore, the bioactive apoE peptides also had a relatively high helical content, suggesting that alpha-helical content is necessary for bioactivity. Cytotoxic apoE peptides were characterized by a high density of polar face positively charged residues together with a high nonpolar face hydrophobicity. This conclusion is supported by the reduced hydrophobicity and polar face positive charge density of the significantly less active E2(130-169) peptide. The cytotoxic apoE peptides are structurally similar to previously characterized class L lytic peptides. They do not, however, exert their cytotoxic activity by destabilizing membrane bilayers as is the case with the class L peptides, as evidenced by their minimal hemolytic activity.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
  • Published In

  • Biochemistry  Journal
  • Keywords

  • Amino Acid Sequence, Animals, Apolipoproteins E, Cell Death, Cell Division, Cells, Cultured, Hemolysis, Heparin, Humans, In Vitro Techniques, Lymphocyte Activation, Mice, Molecular Sequence Data, Peptide Fragments, Protein Conformation, Structure-Activity Relationship, T-Lymphocytes
  • Authorlist

  • Clay MA; Anantharamaiah GM; Mistry MJ; Balasubramaniam A; Harmony JA
  • Start Page

  • 11142
  • End Page

  • 11151
  • Volume

  • 34
  • Issue

  • 35