Binding and cross-linking studies show that scavenger receptor BI interacts with multiple sites in apolipoprotein A-I and identify the class A amphipathic alpha-helix as a recognition motif.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Scavenger receptor, class B, type I (SR-BI) mediates the selective uptake of high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesteryl ester without the uptake and degradation of the particle. In transfected cells SR-BI recognizes HDL, low density lipoprotein (LDL) and modified LDL, protein-free lipid vesicles containing anionic phospholipids, and recombinant lipoproteins containing apolipoprotein (apo) A-I, apoA-II, apoE, or apoCIII. The molecular basis for the recognition of such diverse ligands by SR-BI is unknown. We have used direct binding analysis and chemical cross-linking to examine the interaction of murine (m) SR-BI with apoA-I, the major protein of HDL. The results show that apoA-I in apoA-I/palmitoyl-oleoylphosphatidylcholine discs, HDL(3), or in a lipid-free state binds to mSR-BI with high affinity (K(d) congruent with 5-8 microgram/ml). ApoA-I in each of these forms was efficiently cross-linked to cell surface mSR-BI, indicating that direct protein-protein contacts are the predominant feature that drives the interaction between HDL and mSR-BI. When complexed with dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine, the N-terminal and C-terminal CNBr fragments of apoA-I each bound to SR-BI in a saturable, high affinity manner, and each cross-linked efficiently to mSR-BI. Thus, mSR-BI recognizes multiple sites in apoA-I. A model class A amphipathic alpha-helix, 37pA, also showed high affinity binding and cross-linking to mSR-BI. These studies identify the amphipathic alpha-helix as a recognition motif for SR-BI and lead to the hypothesis that mSR-BI interacts with HDL via the amphipathic alpha-helical repeat units of apoA-I. This hypothesis explains the interaction of SR-BI with a wide variety of apolipoproteins via a specific secondary structure, the class A amphipathic alpha-helix, that is a common structural motif in the apolipoproteins of HDL, as well as LDL.
  • Published In

    Keywords

  • Amino Acid Motifs, Animals, Apolipoprotein A-I, Binding Sites, CD36 Antigens, COS Cells, Cross-Linking Reagents, Humans, Membrane Proteins, Protein Binding, Receptors, Immunologic, Receptors, Lipoprotein, Receptors, Scavenger, Scavenger Receptors, Class A, Scavenger Receptors, Class B
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 20551724
  • Author List

  • Williams DL; de La Llera-Moya M; Thuahnai ST; Lund-Katz S; Connelly MA; Azhar S; Anantharamaiah GM; Phillips MC
  • Start Page

  • 18897
  • End Page

  • 18904
  • Volume

  • 275
  • Issue

  • 25