Cationic domain 141-150 of apoE covalently linked to a class A amphipathic helix enhances atherogenic lipoprotein metabolism in vitro and in vivo.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • We previously showed 1 that a peptide, Ac-hE18A-NH(2), in which the arginine-rich heparin-binding domain of apolipoprotein E (apoE) [residues 141;-150] (LRKLRKRLLR), covalently linked to 18A (DWLKAFYDKVAEKLKEAF; a class A amphipathic helix with high lipid affinity), enhanced LDL uptake and clearance. Because VLDL and remnants contain more cholesterol per particle than LDL, enhanced hepatic clearance of VLDL could lead to an effective lowering of plasma cholesterol. Therefore, in the present article we compared the ability of this peptide to mediate/facilitate the uptake and degradation of LDL and VLDL in HepG2 cells. The peptide Ac-hE18A-NH(2), but not Ac-18A-NH(2), enhanced the uptake of LDL by HepG2 cells 5-fold and its degradation 2-fold. The association of the peptides with VLDL resulted in the displacement of native apoE; however, only Ac-hE18A-NH(2) but not Ac-18A-NH(2) caused markedly enhanced uptake (6-fold) and degradation (3-fold) of VLDL. Ac-hE18A-NH(2) also enhanced the uptake (15-fold) and degradation (2-fold) of trypsinized VLDL Sf 100;-400 (containing no immuno-detectable apoE), indicating that the peptide restored the cellular interaction of VLDL in the absence of its essential native ligand (apoE). Pretreatment of HepG2s with heparinase and heparitinase abrogated all peptide-mediated enhanced cellular activity, implicating a role for cell-surface heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPG). Intravenous administration of Ac-hE18A-NH(2) into apoE gene knockout mice reduced plasma cholesterol by 88% at 6 h and 30% at 24 h after injection. We conclude that this dual-domain peptide associates with LDL and VLDL and results in rapid hepatic uptake via a HSPG-facilitated pathway.
  • Published In

    Keywords

  • Amino Acid Sequence, Animals, Apolipoproteins E, Cations, Cholesterol, Dose-Response Relationship, Drug, Lipoproteins, Lipoproteins, LDL, Lipoproteins, VLDL, Liver, Male, Mice, Mice, Knockout, Molecular Sequence Data, Peptides, Protein Binding, Protein Structure, Tertiary, Trypsin, Tumor Cells, Cultured
  • Authorlist

  • Datta G; Garber DW; Chung BH; Chaddha M; Dashti N; Bradley WA; Gianturco SH; Anantharamaiah GM
  • Start Page

  • 959
  • End Page

  • 966
  • Volume

  • 42
  • Issue

  • 6