Genotype-by-sex interaction on fasting insulin concentration: The HyperGEN study

Academic Article


  • Recent studies have demonstrated the importance of sex effects on the underlying genetic architecture of insulin-related traits. To explore sex-specific genetic effects on fasting insulin, we tested for genotype-by-sex interaction and conducted linkage analysis of fasting insulin in Hypertension Genetic Epidemiology Network families. Hypertensive siblings and their first-degree relatives were recruited from five field centers. We performed a genome scan for quantitative trait loci influencing fasting insulin among 1,505 European Americans and 1,616 African Americans without diabetes. Sex-stratified linear regression models, adjusted for race, center, and age, were explored. The Mammalian Genotyping Service typed 391 microsatellite markers, spaced roughly 9 cM. Variance component linkage analysis was performed in SOLAR using ethnic-specific marker allele frequencies and multipoint IBDs calculated in MERLIN. We detected a quantitative trait locus influencing fasting insulin in female subjects (logarithm of odds [LOD] = 3.4) on chromosome 2 at 95 cM (between GATA69E12 and GATA71G04) but not in male subjects (LOD = 0.0, P for interaction = 0.007). This sex-specific signal at 2p13.2 was detected in both European-American (LOD = 2.1) and African-American (LOD = 1.2) female subjects. Our findings overlap with several other linkage reports of insulin-related traits and demonstrate the importance of considering complex context-dependent interactions in the search for insulin-related genes. © 2007 by the American Diabetes Association.
  • Published In

  • Diabetes  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • North KE; Franceschini N; Borecki IB; Gu CC; Heiss G; Province MA; Arnett DK; Lewis CE; Miller MB; Myers RH
  • Start Page

  • 137
  • End Page

  • 142
  • Volume

  • 56
  • Issue

  • 1