BACKGROUND: Body mass index (BMI) is directly related to testosterone (total T and free T) and inversely to SHBG cross-sectionally, but little is known about how changes in body fat and androgen markers affect each other over time. METHODS: Participants included 969 White and Black women from the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) cohort, who were ages 18-30 at entry into the study and were pre- or perimenopausal 16 yr later at the time of the CARDIA Women's Study (CWS). Total T and SHBG were assayed from specimens drawn at the CWS examination and stored serum from the yr 2 and 10 CARDIA exams. Free T was calculated based on total T and SHBG. BMI and waist circumference were measured at yr 2, 10, and 16. RESULTS: Despite clinically significant increases in BMI and waist circumference, total T and free T tended to decline, whereas SHBG remained relatively constant. BMI and waist circumference were directly correlated with free T and inversely correlated with SHBG in cross-sectional analyses. In longitudinal, multivariable analyses, an annualized increase in BMI was inversely related to a concurrent annualized decrease in SHBG (beta = -0.79 ng/dl, and se = 0.22 in Blacks; beta = -1.07 ng/dl; and se = 0.31 in Whites). However, early increases in BMI were not related to later decreases in SHBG. CONCLUSION: Increases in adiposity are closely tied to decreases in SHBG, but changes in BMI and SHBG may occur concurrently rather than sequentially.
Adolescent, Adult, Aging, Androgens, Body Mass Index, Body Weight, Body Weights and Measures, Cohort Studies, Continental Population Groups, Female, Humans, Prospective Studies, Reproduction, Time Factors, Virilism