Smoking and Mortality-Beyond Established Causes

Academic Article


  • BACKGROUND Mortality among current smokers is 2 to 3 times as high as that among persons who never smoked. Most of this excess mortality is believed to be explained by 21 common diseases that have been formally established as caused by cigarette smoking and are included in official estimates of smoking-attributable mortality in the United States. However, if smoking causes additional diseases, these official estimates may significantly underestimate the number of deaths attributable to smoking.
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    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Carter BD; Abnet CC; Feskanich D; Freedman ND; Hartge P; Lewis CE; Ockene JK; Prentice RL; Speizer FE; Thun MJ
  • Start Page

  • 631
  • End Page

  • 640
  • Volume

  • 372
  • Issue

  • 7