Efficacy and safety of liraglutide 3.0 mg for weight management are similar across races: Subgroup analysis across the SCALE and phase II randomized trials

Academic Article

Abstract

  • © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd. The efficacy and safety of liraglutide 3.0 mg versus placebo, as adjunct to diet and exercise, was evaluated in racial subgroups. This post hoc analysis of pooled data from five double-blind randomized, placebo-controlled trials was conducted in 5325 adults with either a body mass index (BMI) ≥27 kg/m2 plus ≥1 comorbidity or a BMI ≥30 kg/m2. Statistical interaction tests evaluated possible treatment effect differences between racial subgroups: white (4496, 84.4%), black/African-American (550, 10.3%), Asian (168, 3.2%) and other (111, 2.1%). Effects of liraglutide 3.0 mg on weight loss, associated metabolic effects and safety profile were generally consistent across racial subgroups. All achieved statistically significant mean weight loss at end-of-treatment with liraglutide 3.0 mg versus placebo: white 7.7% versus 2.3%, black/African-American 6.3% versus 1.4%, Asian 6.3% versus 2.5%, other 7.3% versus 0.49%. Treatment effects on weight and cardiovascular risk markers generally showed no dependence on race (interaction test p > 0.05). Adverse events were similar across racial subgroups.
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    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Ard J; Cannon A; Lewis CE; Lofton H; Vang Skjøth T; Stevenin B; Pi-Sunyer X
  • Start Page

  • 430
  • End Page

  • 435
  • Volume

  • 18
  • Issue

  • 4