Incidence and risk factors for sexually transmitted infections among women in an Alabama HIV clinic.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • The objectives of this study were to assess the prevalence and incidence of curable sexually transmitted infections (STI), i.e., gonorrhea, chlamydial infection, or trichomoniasis, in a cohort of HIV-infected women. The study population was derived from women seeking primary care at an outpatient university HIV clinic who were participants in a women's natural history study. Enrollees (n = 225) were predominantly African-American, heterosexually infected, with mean age 35 years. Mean entry CD4+ T cell count was 405 cells/mm3. Over 6% were STI positive at initial screening. Subsequently, the combined curable STI incidence was 4.82/1000 woman-months over a median of 33 months of observation. Of 36 incident STIs, trichomoniasis was most common (n = 32). Predictors for acquisition of a curable STI included absenteeism at scheduled clinic appointments, RR = 1.99 (1.28, 3.08), and a higher CD4+ T cell count, RR = 1.15 (1.0028, 1.3115) for 100 cells. Interventions to prevent curable STI in HIV-infected women are warranted in primary care settings.
  • Published In

    Keywords

  • Absenteeism, Adult, Alabama, CD4 Lymphocyte Count, Chlamydia Infections, Female, Gonorrhea, HIV Infections, Humans, Incidence, Prevalence, Risk Factors, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Trichomonas Infections
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Monteiro C-A; Bachmann LH; Desmond RA; Squires KE; Vermund SH; Hook EW; Schwebke JR; Hoesley CJ
  • Start Page

  • 577
  • End Page

  • 583
  • Volume

  • 20
  • Issue

  • 6