Complications of cirrhosis: Why they occur and what to do about them

Academic Article


  • Cirrhosis is a chronic disease of the liver in which dense bands of fibrosis enclose regenerative hepatocellular nodules. Clinical and radiologic features of advanced liver disease provide presumptive evidence for the presence of cirrhosis. Major complications are related to the increased hepatic resistance, increased sodium and water retention, and hyperdynamic changes of the circulatory system. Patient management should consist of appropriate prophylaxis for the life-threatening complications of variceal bleeding and spontaneous bacterial peritonitis and treatment of other complications as signs and symptoms develop.
  • Authors

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • McGuire BM; Bloomer JR
  • Start Page

  • 209
  • End Page

  • 224
  • Volume

  • 103
  • Issue

  • 2