Dietary NaCl loading enhances antihypertensive effect of guanabenz in spontaneously hypertensive rats.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Our previous studies demonstrated that high dietary NaCl intake causes increases in blood pressure and plasma norepinephrine (NE) levels and a decrease in NE release associated with local upregulation of alpha 2-adrenoceptor number in the anterior hypothalamic area (AHA) of NaCl-sensitive spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR-S). Further, acute microinjection of clonidine into the AHA of SHR-S fed a high NaCl diet resulted in greater depressor and bradycardic responses than in SHR-S receiving a normal NaCl diet. The current study tested the hypothesis that the antihypertensive effect of chronic systemic administration of guanabenz (0.24 micrograms/kg/min, IV) is enhanced in SHR-S maintained on a high (8%) NaCl diet than in control rats on a normal (1% NaCl) diet. After two weeks on the diets, mean arterial pressure (MAP) and heart rate (HR) were measured and blood for NE and epinephrine (E) assay was collected from intra-arterial cannulas in conscious, unrestrained rats. The ratio of left ventricle and septum to body weight (LV + S/BW) was determined. Chronic infusion of guanabenz significantly decreased MAP (P less than .05), HR (P less than .01) and LV + S/BW (P less than .01) in 8% NaCl fed SHR-S, but not in 1% NaCl fed SHR-S (P greater than .1). Guanabenz tended to reduce plasma NE levels in 8% NaCl fed SHR-S (.1 greater than P greater than .05), but not in 1% NaCl fed rats (P greater than .1).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
  • Published In

    Keywords

  • Animals, Antihypertensive Agents, Blood Pressure, Diet, Drug Synergism, Guanabenz, Guanidines, Male, Rats, Rats, Inbred SHR, Sodium Chloride
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Jin HK; Yang RH; Chen YF; Wyss JM; Oparil S
  • Start Page

  • 435
  • End Page

  • 439
  • Volume

  • 2
  • Issue

  • 6 Pt 1