Efficacy of bosentan in a small cohort of adult patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension related to congenital heart disease.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to assess the tolerability and efficacy of the oral endothelin receptor antagonist bosentan in adult patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) related to congenital heart disease (CHD). BACKGROUND: Severe PAH in the setting of CHD is a debilitating syndrome for which there are limited treatment options. This is the first long-term study experience in adults reporting on the tolerability and efficacy of therapy with bosentan for this patient population. METHODS: A 12-month single-center experience with 19 women and 5 men with PAH associated with CHD (79% in New York Heart Association [NYHA] class III) was analyzed. Hemodynamic responses, exercise capacity, and Borg dyspnea index were assessed prior to the administration of bosentan, and again at 3, 6, and 12 months after the study began. Clinical assessments were performed monthly for up to 12 months. The change from baseline was tested using the Wilcoxon pairs test. RESULTS: There was significant improvement in hemodynamics from baseline to 12 months (mean [+/- SD] systolic pulmonary arterial pressure, 99 +/- 30 to 87 +/- 28 mm Hg [p
  • Authors

    Published In

  • Chest  Journal
  • Keywords

  • Administration, Oral, Adult, Antihypertensive Agents, Bosentan, Drug Administration Schedule, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Heart Defects, Congenital, Humans, Hypertension, Pulmonary, Male, Middle Aged, Sulfonamides, Treatment Outcome
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Benza RL; Rayburn BK; Tallaj JA; Coffey CS; Pinderski LJ; Pamoukian SV; Bourge RC
  • Start Page

  • 1009
  • End Page

  • 1015
  • Volume

  • 129
  • Issue

  • 4